Fly Baby Accident Reports

30 December 2012

The NTSB maintains an online database of post-1983 accident reports. I ran some basic searches on "Fly Baby" and "Flybaby" and came up with the following accident reports.

September 2002 update:  The NTSB has added the basic reports for pre-1983 to their database.  They don't have the detailed reports available online, though I've summarized the older reports at the end of this page.

Now that we've got all the reports back to the '60s, I've also added a cursory analysis.

The NTSB accident reports are available online.  Enter the NTSB Idtentification (e.g, ATL84FMG03) under "NTSB Status" in the "Accident Number" block.


NTSB Identification: ATL84FMG03 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 24916A

Accident occurred MAR-24-84 at NEW BERN, NC

Aircraft: BOWERS FLY BABY 1A, registration: N4986E

Injuries: 1 Minor.

THE PLT STATED THE ACFT LOST LATERAL CONTROL DURING TAKEOFF. HE REDUCED POWER AND LANDED THE ACFT OFF THE SIDE OF THE RWY WHILE MAINTAINING DIRECTIONAL CONTROL USING THE RUDDER. THE ACFT STALLED AT ABOUT 20 FT AGL AND WAS DAMAGED

DURING THE HARD LANDING. INVESTIGATION REVEALED THAT THE AILERONS WERE NOT OPERATIVE BECAUSE THEY WERE NOT CONNECTED DURING THE PREFLIGHT INSPECTION.

Probable Cause

  • Flt control syst,aileron control..Incorrect
  • Maintenance,inspection of aircraft..Inadequate..Pilot in command
  • Checklist..Poor..Pilot in command
  • Aircraft preflight..Inadequate..Pilot in command
  • Airspeed..Not maintained..Pilot in command
  • Contributing Factors
  • Precautionary landing..Performed..Pilot in command

  • NTSB Identification: MKC85LA221 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 28711A

    Accident occurred SEP-21-85 at LEBANON, MO

    Aircraft: LON J. MCKNIGHT FLYBABY 1A, registration: N3826

    Injuries: 2 Minor.

    AFTER WASHING HIS AIRCRAFT THE PLT DPTD THE AIRPORT FOR A LCL FLIGHT. THE FLIGHT LASTED FOR APPROX. 30 MIN. WHEN THE PLT STATED THE END BEGAN RUNNING ROUGH. A PRECAUTIONARY LANDING WAS MADE TO THE AIRPORT. THE ACFT STALLED IMPACTING THE GROUND SHORT OF THE RWY. THE ACFT IMPACTED THE GROUND AT AN APPROXIMATE 40 DEGREE ANGLE. INSP OF THE ACFT ENGINE DID NOT REVEAL ANY MECHANICAL MALFUNCTION.

    Probable Cause

  • Reason for occurrence undetermined..no modifier specified..no person specified
  • Stall..Inadvertent..Pilot in command
  • Proper glidepath..Not attained..Pilot in command

  • NTSB Identification: NYC86LA136 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 33126A

    Accident occurred MAY-26-86 at MT. PLEASANT, PA

    Aircraft: FLY BABY 1-A, registration: N4762

    Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

    ON SECOND TAKEOFF, AN ABRUPT LOSS OF POWER WAS EXPERIENCED. ON FLARE FOR THE EMERGENCY, OFF AIRPORT LANDING, THE AIRCRAFT LANDED HARD ON RISING TERRAIN, BOUNCED AND CAME TO REST INVERTED.

    Probable Cause

  • Reason for occurrence undetermined..no modifier specified..no person specified
  • Terrain condition..Uphill

  • NTSB Identification: NYC86FGM06 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 31496A

    Accident occurred JUL-27-86 at FRANKLIN CENTER, PA

    Aircraft: KENNETH PATSCH FLY BABY II, registration: N14OP

    Injuries: 1 Fatal, 1 Serious.

    THE PLT REPORTED THAT THE ACFT BANKED EXCESSIVELY DURING THE LEFT TURN FROM BASE TO FINAL. OPPOSITE CONTROL INPUT WAS APPLIED, HOWEVER, THE PLT REPORTED THE "STICK SEEMED TO HAVE NO RIGHT MOVEMENT." FULL POWER WAS APPLIED BUT THE BANK STEEPENED SO POWER WAS REMOVED. CONTROL INPUT WAS ATTEMPTED AGAIN AND THIS TIME THE ACFT YAWED 80 DEGREES RIGHT AND THE LEFT WING LIFTED 45 DEGREES. THE ACFT THEN CONTINUED IN THE DESCENT TO GROUND IMPACT. THE PLT SUGGESTED THAT DUE TO REDUCED SPACE IN THE FRONT COCKPIT, THE FRONT SEAT PASSENGER MAY HAVE RESTRICTED THE CONTROL MOVEMENT. FLIGHT CONTROL CONTINUITY COULD NOT BE DETERMINED DUE TO THE EXTENT OF IMPACT DAMAGE.

    Probable Cause

  • Flight control, aileron..Undetermined

  • NTSB Identification: LAX87DVM02 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 34818A

    Accident occurred MAR-31-87 at SAN LUIS OBISPO, CA

    Aircraft: BOWERS FLYBABY 1A, registration: N792JB

    Injuries: 1 Serious.

    DURING A PLEASURE FLT IN AN EXPERIMENTAL ACFT, DURING THE TAKEOFF ROLL, THE ENG SPUTTERED, HOWEVER, THE PLT CONTINUED THE FLT. AFTER TAKEOFF AT APRX 30 FT THE ENG SPUTTERED AGAIN. THE PLT MADE A SHARP 45 DEG TURN WHICH PUT HIM ON DOWNWIND, HOWEVER, THE ACFT WAS KEPT IN A NOSE HIGH ATTITUDE. AT APRX 300 FT THE ENG SPUTTERED AGAIN THEN QUIT. THE LEFT WING DROPPED AND THE ACFT COMPLETED ONE TURN AND IMPACTED THE TERRAIN IN A 70 DEG NOSE DOWN ATTITUDE. THERE WERE NO MECHANICAL FAILURES OR MALFUNCTIONS REPORTED.

    Probable Cause

  • Reason for occurrence undetermined..no modifier specified..no person specified
  • In-flight planning/decision..Improper..Pilot in command
  • Contributing Factors

    NTSB Identification: MKC89DCG01 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 39524A

    Accident occurred MAY-07-89 at WEST PLAINS, MO

    Aircraft: GRIGG/BOWERS FLYBABY, registration: N1305

    Injuries: 1 Serious.

    THE PLT HAD FLOWN ANOTHER ACFT FROM DIKE, IA TO JONESBORO, AR & HAD TRADED IT FOR N1305, WHICH HE WAS FLYING BACK TO DIKE. HE HAD PLANNED AN INTERMEDIATE STOP AT WEST PLAINS, MO. IN THE VICINITY OF WEST PLAINS, WITNESSES HEARD A POPPING SOUND FROM THE ENG. THE PLT LANDED IN A FLD OF KNEE HIGH GRASS NEAR WEST PLAINS. AFTER REPAIRING A REPORTED PROBLEM WITH A SCREW ON THE CARBURETOR, THE PLT ELECTED TO FLY THE ACFT OUT OF THE FIELD. HE INITIATED A TAKEOFF TO THE EAST ON SLIGHTLY RISING TERRAIN WITH A SLIGHT TAIL WIND. AFTER LIFT-OFF, THE ACFT GAINED LITTLE ALTITUDE BFR RCHG POWER LINES & ENTERED A SHARP TURN. IT THEN PITCHED DOWN & CRASHED. WITNESSES REPORTED THE WIND WAS GENTLE FM THE WEST, BUT MOVEMENT OF TREETOPS INDCD A STRONGER WIND ALOFT.

    Probable Cause

  • IMPROPER PREFLIGHT PLANNING BY THE PILOT AND HIS FAILURE TO ATTAIN ADEQUATE AIRSPEED, WHICH RESULTED IN A STALL AS HE WAS ATTEMPTING TO AVOID A POWER TRANSMISSION LINE. FACTORS RELATED TO THE ACCIDENT WERE: RISING TERRAIN, TALL GRASS, TAILWIND, AND THE TRANSMISSION WIRES.

  • NTSB Identification: ATL90DMG01 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 41765A

    Accident occurred JAN-07-90 at TROY, NC

    Aircraft: WALDRON FLYBABY, registration: N91089

    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    A NON-RATED PERSON (WITH NO FAA MEDICAL OR PLT CERTIFICATE) ELECTED TO FLY THE HOME-BUILT ACFT. REPORTEDLY, THE ENG BEGAN TO "MISFIRE" WHEN THE ACFT WAS OVER THE ARPT AT ABOUT 1000' AGL. THE PLT ATTEMPTED TO LAND; HOWEVER, THE ACFT SUBSEQUENTLY CRASHED IN A STEEP DSCNT NEAR THE 1600' RWY. NO PREIMPACT PART FAILURE OF THE ACFT WAS FOUND. THE TEMP & DEW POINT WERE 44 & 36 DEG, RESPECTIVELY. ACCORDING TO CARB ICING CHARTS, CONDITIONS WOULD HAVE BEEN CONDUCIVE TO SERIOUS CARB ICING. NO RECORD WAS FOUND THAT THE PLT HAD RCVD PLT TRAINING, THOUGH HE HAD REPORTEDLY FLOWN ULTRALIGHT CRAFT. TOXICOLOGY CHECKS SHOWED HE HAD A (BLOOD)-ALCOHOL LVL OF 0.07O%, & A URINE-ALCOHOL LVL OF 0.145% (145 MG/DL).

    Probable Cause


    NTSB Identification: MKC90LA116 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 42516A

    Accident occurred MAY-29-90 at BEMIDJI, MN

    Aircraft: ROLLINS-BOWERS FLY BABY 1A, registration: N3204

    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    SHORTLY AFTER TAKEOFF, THE HOMEBUILT ACFT, CRASHED INTO TREES. THERE WERE NO WITNESSES TO THE ACCIDENT. POST ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REVEALED THE ABSENCE OF THE RIGHT WING RETAINING PINS. THE WRECKAGE PATTERN INDICATED THAT THE RIGHT WING HAD SEPARATED IN FLIGHT, WHICH RESULTED IN AN UNCONTROLLED DESCENT. NO MECHANICAL MALFUNCTIONS OR FUEL SUPPLY SHORTAGE WAS FOUND.

    Probable Cause

  • THE WING ATTACHMENT BOLTS WERE NOT INSTALLED RESULTING IN INFLIGHT WING SEPARATION.

  • NTSB Identification: CHI90DEM09 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 45463A

    Accident occurred SEP-13-90 at CHEBOYGAN, MI

    Aircraft: COMBEN BOWERS FLYBABY IA, registration: N1175B

    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    THE HOMEBUILT AIRPLANE COLLIDED WITH THE TERRAIN IN A WOODED AREA. THE WRECKAGE HAD BEEN REMOVED AND TRANSPORTED TO AN UNKNOWN LOCATION. PHOTOGRAPHS INDICATE THAT THE AIRPLANE IMPACTED THE GROUND IN A STEEP NOSE-DOWN ATTITUDE. THE PILOT'S LAST FLIGHT PHYSICAL WAS MORE THAN 11 YEARS AGO. NO AUTOPSY.

    Probable Cause

  • UNDETERMINED.

  • NTSB Identification: CHI91DEP09 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 44696A

    Accident occurred JUN-16-91 at STOUGHTON, WI

    Aircraft: BOWERS FLYBABY 1A, registration: N8084D

    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    WHILE PERFORMING AN AEROBATIC MANEUVER THE RIGHT WING FAILED AND DEPARTED THE AIRPLANE. THE AIRPLANE THEN DESCENDED INTO THE TERRAIN. SUBSEQUENT EXAMINATION REVEALED WOOD ROT AT THE FUSELAGE CARRY THRU SPAR ATTACHMENT WHERE THE FAILURE OCCURRED. EXAMINATION REVEALED SIMILAR ROT ON THE LEFT SIDE. THERE WERE NO DRAIN HOLES IN THE AREA OF THE SPAR ATTCHMENT WHERE MOISTURE COULD ACCUMULATE. IT WAS FURTHER DETERMINED THAT THE AREA WHERE THE DETERIORATION OCCURRED WAS NOT VISIBLE DURING NORMAL INSPECTION.

    Probable Cause

  • THE INADEQUATE DESIGN BY THE MANUFACTURER TO PROVIDE FOR ADEQUATE PROTECTION FROM MOISTURE ACCUMULATION IN THE FORM OF DRAIN HOLES. CONTRIBUTING FACTORS WERE THE DETERIORATION (WOOD ROT) OF THE WING SPAR ATTACH AND THE LACK OF INSPECTION ACCESS.

  • NTSB Identification: CHI93DTG01 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 48104A

    Accident occurred OCT-22-92 at BUFFALO, ND

    Aircraft: KING BOWERS-FLYBABY, registration: N199

    Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

    THE PILOT EXPERIENCED A PARTIAL LOSS OF ENGINE POWER AFTER TAKEOFF AND MADE A FORCED LANDING IN A PLOWED FIELD ONE-HALF MILE FROM AIRSTRIP. THE INVESTIGATION REVEALED THAT THE THROTTLE CABLE WAS DISCONNECTED FROM THE THROTTLE BODY OF THE CARBURETOR. THE PILOT/OWNER HAD REMOVED AND REINSTALLED THE CARBURETOR TWO HOURS BEFORE THE FLIGHT.

    Probable Cause

  • PARTIAL LOSS OF ENGINE POWER DUE TO IMPROPER INSTALLATION OF THE CARBURETOR, BY THE PILOT/OWNER.

  • NTSB Identification: BFO93LA076 For details, refer to NTSB microfiche number 50369A

    Accident occurred MAY-09-93 at PEAPACK, NJ

    Aircraft: HOCKENBURY BOWERS FLY BABY, registration: N80PH

    Injuries: 1 Minor.

    WHILE AT CRUISE, THE AIRPLANE'S ENGINE LOST PARTIAL POWER. THE PILOT REPORTED THAT HE APPLIED CARBURETOR HEAT AND CHECKED THE OIL TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE. THE ENGINE DID NOT REGAIN POWER. THE PILOT ATTEMPTED TO MAKE A FORCED LANDING IN A YARD BELOW THE AIRPLANE'S FLIGHT PATH BUT DURING THE APPROACH TO LANDING, THE AIRPLANE COLLIDED WITH TREES. THE AIRPLANE FELL TO THE GROUND AND CAME TO REST INVERTED. POST ACCIDENT EXAMINATION OF THE AIRPLANE DID NOT REVEAL ANY AIRFRAME ANOMALIES. THE ENGINE WAS DISMANTLED AND EXAMINED. EXAMINATION OF THE CARBURETOR REVEALED THAT THE THROTTLE VALVE ACTUATING ARM, WHICH WAS FASTENED TO THE THROTTLE SHAFT, WAS LOOSE AND THEREFORE WOULD NOT OPEN THE THROTTLE VALVE FULLY.

    Probable Cause

  • THE FAILURE OF THE THROTTLE VALVE ACTUATING ARM WHICH RESULTED IN PARTIAL OPENING OF THE THROTTLE VALVE. A FACTOR RELATED TO THE ACCIDENT WAS THE UNSUITABLE TERRAIN AVAILABLE FOR LANDING.

  • NTSB Identification: BFO93LA122. The docket is stored in the (offline) NTSB Imaging System.

    Accident occurred JUL-12-93 at CONNEAUT, OH

    Aircraft: SCHULTZ/BOWERS FLY BABY 1A, registration: N4295X

    Injuries: 1 Serious.

    WHILE IN CRUISE, THE AIRPLANE'S ENGINE LOST PARTIAL POWER. THE PILOT STATED HE WAS OVER A FIELD AND DECIDED TO CIRCLE AND LAND IN THE FIELD. THE PILOT STATED THAT DURING THE SECOND TIME HE WENT AROUND THE FIELD, DOWNWIND, THE AIRPLANE'S ENGINE LOST TOTAL POWER. THE AIRPLANE IMPACTED A BERM ON THE SIDE OF A ROAD JUST SHORT OF THE FIELD. WITNESSES TO THE ACCIDENT STATED THAT PRIOR TO THE AIRPLANE IMPACTING THE BERM, THE ENGINE WAS "MISSING." POST ACCIDENT EXAMINATION OF THE AIRFRAME DID NOT REVEAL ANY ANOMALIES. THE COCKPIT MAGNETO SWITCH WAS SELECTED TO THE LEFT MAGNETO. THE ENGINE WAS INSPECTED AND THE LEFT MAGNETO HIGH TENSION LEAD WAS FOUND CORRODED WITH GEAR GREASE CAUSING INTERMITTENT ARCING. SPARK PLUGS ON THE NUMBER 2 AND 3 CYLINDERS WERE FOUND TO BE SOOTY AND THE SPARK PLUGS ON THE NUMBER 1 AND 4 CYLINDERS APPEARED "NOT TO BE FIRING." THE PILOT STATED THAT HE DID NOT LEAVE THE MAGNETO SWITCHED TO THE "LEFT" POSITION AND THAT IT MUST HAVE BEEN MOVED DURING THE IMPACT SEQUENCE.

    Probable Cause


    NTSB Identification: LAX94LA180 . The docket is stored in the (offline) NTSB Imaging System.

    Accident occurred Saturday, April 02, 1994 at BISBEE, AZ
    Aircraft:CURRY FLY-BABY, registration: N183RC
    Injuries: 1 Serious.

    On April 2, 1994, at 1000 mountain standard time, a homebulit experimental Curry Fly-Baby, N183RC, collided with rough terrain during an attempted forced landing on a road near Bisbee, Arizona. The forced landing was precipitated by a loss of engine power during the takeoff initial climb. The aircraft was owned and operated by the pilot. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time and no flight plan was filed for the operation. The aircraft was destroyed in the collision sequence. The certificated private pilot, the sole occupant, sustained serious injuries. The flight was originating at the time of the accident as a local area personal flight.

    According to the pilot, the aircraft was in the initial climb after takeoff when the engine suddenly quit. The pilot reported that he did not have sufficient altitude or vehicle energy to return to the airport and attempted to land on a nearby road. The aircraft landed short and collided with rough terrain.

    In his written report, the pilot said he suspects a fuel blockage at the tank outlet as the cause for the engine power loss.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows.



    NTSB Identification: LAX96LA146. The docket is stored in the (offline) NTSB Imaging System.

    Accident occurred MAR-28-96 at CASTIAC, CA

    Aircraft: LUCKETT FLYBABY 1A, registration: N71658

    Injuries: 1 Serious.

    The accident site was in a pass at the southern end of a mountain valley. A major interstate highway traversed the mountains through this valley. The pass at the southern end of the valley was characterized by rapidly rising and narrowing terrain. U.S. Forest Service workers near the site reported that the pass and the surrounding terrain was obscured by clouds which went to the ground. The aircraft collided with the side of a mountain about 300 feet above the elevation of the highway. An FAA inspector went to the accident site, interviewed witnesses, and examined the aircraft. He reported that the aircraft was traveling southbound over the highway as it approached the pass. The aircraft collided with the terrain as the pilot attempted to turn around in the narrow pass. Control system continuity could not be established throughout the aircraft due to extensive airframe crush deformation. Fuel was present in the tank and no discrepancies were found in the engine.

    Probable Cause

  • The pilot's improper in-flight planning/decision. The terrain condition and low ceiling were related factors.

  • NTSB Identification: CHI98LA233. The docket is stored in the (offline) NTSB Imaging System.

    Accident occurred JUL-02-98 at BLISSFIELD, MI

    Aircraft: Wicks FLY BABY, registration: N40349

    Injuries: 1 Minor.

    On July 2, 1998, at 0800 eastern daylight time, a Wicks Fly Baby, N40349, piloted by a commercial pilot, received substantial damage when it impacted the terrain, during a forced landing after a loss of engine power during takeoff from runway 27 (2,585' X 100') at the Betz Airport, Blissfield, Michigan. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident. The personal 14 CFR Part 91 local flight was not operating on a flight plan. The pilot reported minor  injuries. The flight was originating at the time of the accident.

    During the initial climb the engine suffered a loss of power. Post accident inspection of the airplane failed to reveal any smell of fuel on or around the wreckage. There was no fuel spill on the ground. Only unusable fuel was found in the tank. No other mechanical anomalies were found during the post accident examination.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows.



    NTSB Identification: ATL99LA092 . The docket is stored in the (offline) NTSB Imaging System.

    Accident occurred Saturday, May 22, 1999 at MOUNT OLIVE, NC
    Aircraft:Murray R. Gardner FLY BABY, registration: N96MG
    Injuries: 1 Minor.

    The pilot recalled that as the airplane descended through 1700 feet, the left wing assembly came up over the cockpit and  separated from the airframe. The pilot reported that he always flew this airplane wearing a parachute, and as the airplane  entered a spin he was ejected from the cockpit. After clearing the airframe, the pilot pulled the ripcord to deploy the  parachute; a full parachute canopy was achieved 300 feet above the ground. During the examination of the airframe the left  wing flying wire attachment plate was located and was discovered to have failed. The attachment plate fracture faces were  examined with an optical microscope and were found to contain banding, typical of fatigue cracking, on both sides of the  attachment hole. The fatigue cracking propagated nearly through the thickness of the plate. Elevated oxygen peaks,  indicative of corrosion deposits, were also discovered.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows.

  • A fatigue failure of the flywire bracket that resulted in the inflight separation of the left wing.
  • (Further details and analysis of this accident)

    NTSB Identification: NYC00LA134 . The docket is stored in the (offline) NTSB Imaging System.

    Accident occurred Saturday, May 13, 2000 at KEYMAR, MD
    Aircraft:Hing FLY BABY 1A, registration: N2685
    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    According to witnesses, the homebuilt Fly Baby was cruising about 1,500 feet above the ground, in a climb or nose high attitude. The witnesses reported hearing a popping sound, after which the right wing folded up next to the fuselage. The airplane descended, and struck the ground. Examination revealed the two flying wires on the underside of the forward right wing spar were separated from the wing. One wire had failed at its loop through the eye of the turnbuckle, and the other wire separated at a failed turnbuckle. Metallurgical examination found evidence of overload on both failures. According to the designer of the airplane, the airplane had been static load tested to 6gs with no failure. In addition, each pair of flying wires must have similar or matched tension. If one wire was loose, a momentary flight load could exceed the load capability of one wire, which would cause it to fail, followed by the failure of the second wire as it tried to assume the load. The pre-accident tension on the failed flying wires could not be determined.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows.


      (Further details and analysis of this accident)


    NTSB Identification: MIA01LA022. The docket is stored in the (offline) NTSB Imaging System.
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Wednesday, November 01, 2000 in Greer, SC
    Probable Cause Approval Date: 7/30/01
    Aircraft: Horne Bowers Flybaby, registration: N4041A
    Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

    On November 1, 2000, about 1520 eastern standard time, a Horne Bowers Flybaby, N4041A, registered to a private individual, operating as a Title 14 CFR Part 91 personal flight, crashed in the vicinity of Greer, South Carolina. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed. The experimental, amateur-built airplane received substantial damage, and the private-rated pilot, the sole occupant, was not injured. The flight originated from the same airstrip about 20 minutes before the accident.

    According to the pilot, his landing resulted in an extended flare that touched down at about the mid-length point of the 1,800-foot runway and despite heavy braking on the grassy, down-sloped surface, ran off the runway end and into a fence.

    According to an eyewitness to the accident, the flight's first approach resulted in a go-around due to being too high. The second approach was too fast, resulting in a touchdown beyond the mid-length of the runway. The aircraft continued beyond the runway end, collided with a perimeter fence, and nosed over into a drainage ditch.

    According to an FAA inspector, the accident occurred in the Lake Cunningham area of Greer, South Carolina, at a private airstrip named Flying Few Airfield. Examination of the aircraft revealed a broken wooden propeller, leading edge damage to the wings, and buckling of the fuselage behind the cockpit. The pilot stated to him that he may not have closed the throttle all the way on landing.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:

    A runway overrun as a result of the pilot's failure to maintain proper approach speed and landing touch down point.


    NTSB Identification: SEA02LA062. The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number DMS.
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Sunday, March 31, 2002 in Buhl, ID
    Probable Cause Approval Date: 4/8/03
    Aircraft: Stadden Flybaby, registration: N1432
    Injuries: 1 Minor.
    The pilot reported that he had been doing touch and go landings at the airport and that on the accident circuit he had applied carburetor heat on the downwind. After executing a normal landing, he applied full power to transition to takeoff on runway 09 however, the aircraft's 75 horsepower Continental engine did not respond to the performance level the pilot was accustomed to. The pilot was able to get the aircraft airborne, but the climb performance was inadequate and the aircraft began to veer right towards several hangars. Shortly thereafter, the aircraft clipped a fence on the south side of the airport, impacted the ground upright and then nosed over. The pilot reported to the investigator that he forgot to turn off the carburetor heat during the landing roll and before the application of power, and that the carburetor heat had been left on throughout the duration of the takeoff attempt and ground impact.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:

    The pilot's failure to return the carburetor heat to the OFF (cold) position prior to applying full power following a touch and go landing, which resulted in poor climb performance and the subsequent impact with a fence and collision with the ground. A contributing factor was the fence.


    NTSB Identification: CHI03LA189
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Sunday, June 29, 2003 in Altus, AR
    Aircraft: Bowers Fly Baby, registration: N1878
    Injuries: 1 Serious.

    On June 29, 2003, at 1824 central daylight time, a Bowers Fly Baby, N1878, collided with terrain during a forced landing following a reported loss of engine power shortly after takeoff from a private airstrip in Altus, Arkansas. The airplane was substantially damaged. Thecommercial pilot received serious injuries. The 14 CFR Part 91 personal flight was operating in visual meteorological conditions without a flight plan.

    The pilot reported he performed a preflight inspection of the airplane prior to takeoff. The preflight included checking the fuel capacity (13 gallons), the oil capacity (3 3/4 quarts), and draining the fuel sump. The pilot stated he then hand propped the engine and it started and idled "smoothly." The pilot also stated the engine ran normally during the engine run-up, takeoff run, and initial climb. He stated that upon reaching an altitude of 150 feet, the engine lost power. He stated, "It then surged and began to run again. It did this three times then quit. I reached for the primer to see if I could pump enough fuel to stay airborne. The engine surged again when I used the primer then quit again."

    The pilot stated the airplane was descending and he was able to fly between two trees toward an open pasture. He stated it then looked like he was going to contact a large oak tree so he made a turn to the left, during which the left wing contacted the ground. He stated the fuselage broke in half during the impact and the fuel tank ruptured. He turned off the fuel valve and magnetos then exited the airplane.

    The pilot stated, "Also there was no indication of any internal malfunction, shaking or backfiring of the engine. The engine shut down very smoothly but at a very inappropriate time."

    Inspection of the airplane by an inspector from the Federal Aviation Administration Little Rock, Arkansas, Flight Standards District Office, failed to reveal any failure/malfunction of the engine. The inspector reported the fuel tank was ruptured.



    NTSB Identification: ATL03LA116.
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Thursday, July 03, 2003 in Lincoln, AL
    Probable Cause Approval Date: 3/30/2004
    Aircraft: Butler Bowers Fly Baby 1A, registration: N197DE
    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    The airplane was observed by a witness flying over a tree line. The nose of the airplane was observed to pitch up to about a 70-degree nose high attitude. The left wing dropped down and the nose pitched down as if the airplane was in a stall and collided with the ground. Examination of the airframe, flight controls and engine assembly revealed no anomalies. The left wing was compressed aft and received accordion crushing from the wing root extending outboard to the wing tip. The Fly Baby 1A Ultra light plans revealed that the stall speed for the Bowers Fly Baby 1A airplane is 45 mph.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:

    The pilot's failure to maintain airspeed while maneuvering resulting in a stall.
    NTSB Identification: LAX07LA015.
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Friday, October 20, 2006 in Oakdale, CA
    Probable Cause Approval Date: 11/29/2007
    Aircraft: Williams Bowers Fly Baby-1A, registration: N6054Q
    Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

    While attempting to return to the airport following a loss of engine power, the airplane contacted rough terrain during a forced landing in an open field about 3,000 feet short of the runway. A wing and the main landing gear were separated from the airplane after touchdown. Following the loss of power, the pilot activated the carburetor heat to no avail. He turned back to the airport and when he knew he wasn't going to make the runway, he made the forced landing. A plot of the temperature and dew point on a carburetor icing chart revealed that the possibility existed for icing conditions at glide and cruise power settings. The pilot stated that there were no mechanical problems with the airplane, and that he should have checked more frequently for carburetor ice during the flight.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:

    a loss of engine power due to the pilot's failure to use carburetor heat during conditions that were conducive to carburetor icing.



    NTSB Identification: SEA07LA090.
    The docket is stored in the Docket Management System (DMS). Please contact Records Management Division
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Wednesday, April 04, 2007 in Arlington, AZ
    Probable Cause Approval Date: 4/30/2008
    Aircraft: Burton Fly Baby, registration: N101LX
    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    The pilot departed the airport for a local personal flight in the amateur built experimental-category airplane. About 25 minutes after takeoff, the airplane was observed flying in an easterly direction at an undetermined altitude. The witness reported hearing the engine slow down and then speed up. Seconds later, the witness heard "what sounded like an explosion" followed by the airplane falling to the ground in multiple pieces. The witness was located approximately 1 mile from where the wreckage came to rest. Post accident examination of the wreckage revealed that the right wing's forward and aft solid flying wires, turnbuckles and respective wire anchor attachment brackets remained intact, however the attachment brackets were separated from the forward and aft spar assemblies. The four through bolts (AN3 3/16-inch-diameter) associated with the forward brackets were fractured along the bolt shank near the bolt head. The bolts were necked down and were bent near the fracture points; the fracture surfaces were angular. Only two of the four through bolts associated with the aft bracket were recovered and similar findings were noted; the bolts were necked down and the fracture surfaces were angular. The builder's instruction manual for the airplane recommends AN3 (3/16-inch-diameter) anchor attach bracket bolts for standard operations and AN4 (1/4-inch-diameter) anchor attach bracket bolts if aerobatics are intended to be performed in the airplane. The specified anchor attachment bracket bolts (both AN3 and AN4) range in length from 5-1/2-inches to 6-3/4-inches. A personal friend of the pilot reported that about 2 weeks before the accident, the pilot completed a flight in the accident airplane. Upon returning from the flight, the pilot stated that he had completed a "slow roll." The pilot stated the airplane performed well during the flight.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:

    The pilot exceeding the design stress limits of the aircraft while maneuvering in intentional aerobatics.


    NTSB Identification: LAX07LA137.
    The docket is stored in the Docket Management System (DMS). Please contact Records Management Division
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Friday, April 27, 2007 in Grand Canyon, AZ
    Probable Cause Approval Date: 2/28/2008
    Aircraft: Riesland Fly Baby 1, registration: N3124L
    Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

    The pilot reported that he decided to return to the destination airport after flying for about an hour. After completing a 180-degree turn, the airplane began losing altitude. The pilot reported that the throttle was full-in, and the airplane was maintaining sufficient airspeed; however, the reason for the altitude loss could not be ascertained. The pilot said he then elected to make a precautionary landing in an open field. While on final, the landing gear wheels struck a barbed wire fence, which pulled the wheels up, and the airplane immediately nosed over after touchdown. The pilot reported no mechanical problems that would have precluded normal operation.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:

    The pilot's failure to maintain clearance from a fence during landing.


    NTSB Identification: DFW07LA170.
    The docket is stored in the Docket Management System (DMS). Please contact Records Management Division
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Friday, July 20, 2007 in Page, OK
    Probable Cause Approval Date: 11/29/2007
    Aircraft: Hazen Fly Baby, registration: N6156Y
    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    The private pilot was flying cross country in his single-engine homebuilt airplane when it collided with wooded and mountainous terrain in day visual meteorological conditions for undetermined reasons. The airplane was missing for five days before it was located by units of the Civil Air Patrol at an elevation of 2,950 feet mean sea level. A Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector performed an on-scene examination on the day the airplane wreckage was located. According to the inspector, the airplane, which was constructed from wood and fabric frame, came to rest at the base of several large pine trees and did not burn. The initial impact point appeared to be the tops of the trees located directly above the main wreckage, which included the engine, fuselage, both wings, and tail section. All flight control surfaces remained attached to the airframe. The two-bladed wooden propeller was damaged; however, it remained attached to the engine. Engine continuity was established via manual rotation of the propeller. The single fuel tank was breached from impact forces, and the fuel cap was found secured to the tank. No anomalies were found with the airframe or engine that could have prevented normal operation. The pilot held a private pilot certificate for airplane single-engine land and also held an inspection certificate for experimental aircraft. His last FAA third class medical certificate was issued on August 1, 2003. At that time, the pilot reported having accumulated a total of 452 flight hours. The pilot's logbook and the airplane's maintenance records were not located during the course of the investigation.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:

    The airplane's collision with wooded and mountainous terrain for undetermined reasons.

    NTSB Identification: CEN09LA330
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Sunday, May 31, 2009 in Keller, TX
    Probable Cause Approval Date: 09/10/2009
    Aircraft: FREY FLY BABY, registration: N59357
    Injuries: 1 Serious.

    NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

    The private pilot conducted a run-up of the experimental airplane's 65-horsepower engine prior to departure, since it had not been flown in the past 90 days. The engine produced full power and the pilot departed the private airstrip. Shortly after takeoff, the engine started to gradually lose power and the airplane was unable to maintain a normal climb rate. The pilot returned to the airport, but had to execute a go-around due to another airplane being on the runway. When he applied full power, black smoke was observed "belching" from the exhaust and the engine power continued to decline. The pilot made a forced landing to a field adjacent to the airstrip and subsequently the airplane sustained structural damage. The pilot reported that there was no air filter installed on the engine and he thought that a nest of mud-dauber wasps had built a nest in the air intake, vibrated loose, and was ingested into the carburetor intake.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

    A partial loss of engine power due to an obstruction of the air intake, as reported by the pilot. Contributing to the accident was the pilot's insufficient preflight inspection.


    NTSB Identification: ERA12LA141
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Sunday, January 08, 2012 in Jefferson, GA
    Aircraft: BOWERS FLY BABY 1-A, registration: N4626
    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

    On January 8, 2012, about 1130 eastern standard time, an experimental amateur-built, Bowers Fly Baby 1-A, N4626, was substantially damaged when it impacted the ground immediately after takeoff from the Jackson County Airport (19A), Jefferson, Georgia. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan had been filed. The certificated private pilot was fatally injured. The local personal flight was conducted under the provision of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

    According to one eyewitness the airplane departed runway 35, climbed to between 100 and 200 feet above ground level, stalled, spun about one-half turn to the right, and subsequently impacted the ground approximately 45 degrees nose down. The eyewitness further reported that prior to departure, the pilot had reported that he was attempting to diagnose an engine problem; however, the engine sounded as though it was producing power during the takeoff roll.

    According to a Federal Aviation Administration inspector that responded to the accident location; flight control cable continuity was confirmed to all flight controls and the airplane had been consumed by post crash fire. He further reported that an engine cowling had been replaced sometime prior to the accident flight in order to accommodate engine installation.

    NTSB Identification: WPR12LA122
    14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
    Accident occurred Sunday, March 04, 2012 in Fallbrook, CA
    Probable Cause Approval Date: 06/28/2012
    Aircraft: BOWERS FLY BABY 1-A, registration: N41017
    Injuries: 1 Serious.

    NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

    The airplane veered off the left side of the runway during takeoff and struck an elevated runway light located 600 feet from the end of the runway. The airplane traveled over a shallow grass slope, impacted the hangar door nose first, and embedded itself into the hangar. Both wings separated from the fuselage. The pilot, who was seriously injured, could not recall the events of the accident. A postaccident examination of the airframe revealed no evidence of mechanical malfunctions or failures that would have precluded normal operation.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

    The pilot did not maintain directional control of the airplane during the takeoff roll.



    Pre-1983 Reports

    The NTSB added brief summaries of pre-1983 accidents to their web page.  These don't have the level of detail of the later ones, but enough information is usually available to glean out what happened.  I've shortened their terminology slightly...under "Type of Accident" the phase of flight is given after a dash.  They used standardized terminology to refer to the phases, so if it says, "LANDING - CIRCULING" that *doesn't* mean the plane was literally circling the airport... just that it was in the pattern when the event occurred.

    NTSB Identification: NYC69D0223
    Incident occurred Sunday, October 13, 1968 at CORAM, NY
    Aircraft:FLY BABY 1A, registration: N343Y
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        GROUND-WATER LOOP-SWERVE -  LANDING: ROLL
         COLLIDED WITH: PARKED AIRCRAFT - LANDING: ROLL
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - IMPROPER OPERATION OF BRAKES AND/OR FLIGHT CONTROLS FACTOR(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - LACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH AIRCRAFT
        REMARKS- FIRST FLT IN ACFT. PLTS FOOT SLIPPED OFF BRAKE PEDAL, HIT N4615M, SUBS DAMAGE.

    NTSB Identification: NYC71FNE34
    Incident occurred Thursday, May 20, 1971 at OXFORD, CT
    Aircraft:FLYBABY 1A, registration: N3314
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        AIRFRAME FAILURE: IN FLIGHT

    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)

    AIRFRAME - WINGS: WING ATTACHMENT FITTINGS,BOLTS
    MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - FATIGUE FRACTURE
    MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - CORRODED/CORROSION
    PERSONNEL - MAINTENANCE,SERVICING,INSPECTION: INADEQUATE INSPECTION OF AIRCRAFT (OWNER-PILOT)
    FACTOR(S)
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - SEPARATION IN FLIGHT

    REMARKS- L WG FLYING WIRE TURNBUCKLE FAILED. WG SEPARATED. PLT PARACHUTED SUCCESSFULLY.

    NTSB Identification: FTW71FPM29
    Incident occurred Monday, May 31, 1971 at DURANT, OK
    Aircraft:FLY BABY 1-14, registration: N7347
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
               AIRFRAME FAILURE: IN FLIGHT
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)

    AIRFRAME - WINGS: BRACING WIRES,STRUTS
    AIRFRAME - WINGS: OTHER
    MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - OVERLOAD FAILURE
    MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - PREVIOUS DAMAGE
    FACTOR(S)
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - SEPARATION IN FLIGHT

    REMARKS- 3 FLYING WIRES,R WING,PULLED THRU NICOPRESS,GR AXLE ATCH PNT,4TH,WING ATCH.GR AXLE PREV DMG.

    [RJW Note:  The report on this one listed the pilot as having one hour of Fly Baby time.  From the comment about "previous damage" I suspect the aircraft had been damaged on that first flight and not properly repaired.]

    NTSB Identification: MIA72FKG60
    Incident occurred Saturday, December 11, 1971 at WINDER, GA
    Aircraft:FLY BABY SWORDS, registration: N2011
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        AIRFRAME FAILURE: IN FLIGHT  -- IN FLIGHT ACROBATICS
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)

    AIRFRAME - WINGS: BRACING WIRES,STRUTS
    MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - IMPROPERLY INSTALLED
    PERSONNEL - PRODUCTION-DESIGN-PERSONNEL: OTHER
    PILOT IN COMMAND - EXCEEDED DESIGNED STRESS LIMITS OF AIRCRAFT
    MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - OVERLOAD FAILURE
    REMARKS- L WG AND SUPPORT WIRES FAILED.CABLE EYES SPLICED IMPROPERLY.PLT WAS ADVISED NOT TO FLY ACROBATICS.

    NTSB Identification: SEA73FYE08
    Incident occurred Wednesday, July 26, 1972 at KELSO, WA
    Aircraft:FLYBABY M-1, registration: N8716
    Injuries: Unavailable

     TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        COLLISION WITH AIRCRAFT: BOTH ON GROUND -  LANDING: ROLL
     PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
               PILOT IN COMMAND - FAILED TO SEE AND AVOID OTHER AIRCRAFT
    FACTOR(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENT
        PILOT IN COMMAND - ATTEMPTED OPERATION W/KNOWN DEFICIENCIES IN EQUIPMENT

    REMARKS- N8716 NOT EQUIPPED WITH NAV LTS.PLT OF N8716 WAS MEDICALLY RESTRICTED FROM NITE FLT.UNCONTRLDARPT
     
     

    NTSB Identification: MKC73DCD16
    Incident occurred Saturday, August 12, 1972 at OSAGE, IA
    Aircraft:BOWERS FLY BABY, registration: N48ML
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        COLLIDED WITH: FENCE,FENCEPOSTS                          LANDING: FINAL APPROACH
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - SELECTED UNSUITABLE TERRAIN
        PILOT IN COMMAND - MISJUDGED ALTITUDE
    FACTOR(S)
               AIRPORTS/AIRWAYS/FACILITIES - AIRPORT CONDITIONS: OTHER

    NTSB Identification: NYC73DKM24
    Incident occurred Friday, January 19, 1973 at HENDERSONVILLE, NC
    Aircraft:FLYBABY M-1, registration: N808RJ
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        ENGINE FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION -- TAKEOFF: INITIAL CLIMB
        GEAR COLLAPSED-- LANDING: LEVEL OFF/TOUCHDOWN
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - IMPROPER OPERATION OF POWERPLANT & POWERPLANT CONTROLS
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - ICE-CARBURETOR
        PILOT IN COMMAND - IMPROPER LEVEL OFF
    FACTOR(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - INADEQUATE PREFLIGHT PREPARATION AND/OR PLANNING
        WEATHER - CONDITIONS CONDUCIVE TO CARB./INDUCTION SYSTEM ICING
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - OVERLOAD FAILURE
        PARTIAL POWER LOSS - PARTIAL LOSS OF POWER - 1 ENGINE
        EMERGENCY CIRCUMSTANCES - FORCED LANDING OFF AIRPORT ON LAND

    NTSB Identification: IAD73ILQ26
    Incident occurred Tuesday, April 17, 1973 at GREENVILLE, KY
    Aircraft:FLY BABY 1-A, registration: N2207
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        STALL  --- TAKEOFF: INITIAL CLIMB
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - FAILED TO OBTAIN/MAINTAIN FLYING SPEED
    FACTOR(S)
        WEATHER - DOWNDRAFT,UPDRAFTS

    NTSB Identification: SEA74DYI03
    Incident occurred Saturday, July 21, 1973 at BANDON, OR
    Aircraft:FLYBABY , registration: N1432
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        ENGINE FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION --- IN FLIGHT: DESCENDING
        COLLIDED WITH: TREES --- LANDING: FINAL APPROACH
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - ATTEMPTED OPERATION W/KNOWN DEFICIENCIES IN EQUIPMENT
        WEATHER - CONDITIONS CONDUCIVE TO CARB./INDUCTION SYSTEM ICING
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - ICE-CARBURETOR
        PARTIAL POWER LOSS - PARTIAL LOSS OF POWER - 1 ENGINE
    EMERGENCY CIRCUMSTANCES - FORCED LANDING OFF AIRPORT ON LAND

    REMARKS- EXP TEST FLT.INADQT CARB HEATER MUFFS.LNDD IN TREE.

    NTSB Identification: LAX74FUJ20
    Incident occurred Saturday, September 22, 1973 at ASHFORK, AZ
    Aircraft:BOWERS FLY BABY, registration: N247AF
    Injuries: Unavailable

     TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        ENGINE FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION -- TAKEOFF: INITIAL CLIMB
        COLLIDED WITH: TREES -- LANDING: ROLL
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        POWERPLANT - FUEL SYSTEM: CARBURETOR
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - LOOSE,PART/FITTING
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - FUEL STARVATION
        PARTIAL POWER LOSS - PARTIAL LOSS OF POWER - 1 ENGINE
        EMERGENCY CIRCUMSTANCES - FORCED LANDING OFF AIRPORT ON LAND

    REMARKS- CARB FLOAT NEEDLE SEAT LOOSE.ACFT BUILT & OPERATED BY PUBLIC SCHOOL.SECOND FLT.
     
     

    NTSB Identification: NYC74FNC28
    Incident occurred Sunday, October 28, 1973 at SOUTH PARIS, ME
    Aircraft:BOWERS FLY BABY, registration: NONE
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        STALL   ---  IN FLIGHT: BUZZING
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - FAILED TO OBTAIN/MAINTAIN FLYING SPEED
        PILOT IN COMMAND - LACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH AIRCRAFT
    FACTOR(S)
               MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - STOLEN OR UNAUTH=

    REMARKS- COMPLETED LOW PASS PULLED ACFT STRAIGHT UP MADE TURN TO R.ACFT NOT REGISTERED.
    [RJW note:  Hmmm..."Stolen or unauthorized"..."Aircraft not registered..."  Sounds like there's an interesting story behind this one...]

    NTSB Identification: SEA74FTA18
    Incident occurred Saturday, March 09, 1974 at COLSTRIP, MT
    Aircraft:FLY BABY HUEY, registration: N1062H
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        STALL -- LANDING: TRAFFIC PATTERN-CIRCLING
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - FAILED TO OBTAIN/MAINTAIN FLYING SPEED
        PILOT IN COMMAND - IMPROPER OPERATION OF FLIGHT CONTROLS

    REMARKS- STALLED AT LOW ALTITUDE.

    NTSB Identification: SEA74FYC56
    Incident occurred Monday, May 27, 1974 at SALEM, OR
    Aircraft:MAY FLYBABY 1, registration: N93003
    Injuries: Unavailable

     TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        AIRFRAME FAILURE: IN FLIGHT -- ACROBATICS
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - EXCEEDED DESIGNED STRESS LIMITS OF AIRCRAFT
        PILOT IN COMMAND - FAILED TO FOLLOW APPROVED PROCEDURES,DIRECTIVES,ETC.
    FACTOR(S)
        AIRFRAME - WINGS: SPARS
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - OVERLOAD FAILURE
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - SEPARATION IN FLIGHT

    REMARKS- RIGHT WING SEPARATED DURING PROHIBITED LOOP MANEUVERS.

    NTSB Identification: SEA75FYC05
    Incident occurred Saturday, July 20, 1974 at HUBBARD, OR
    Aircraft:FLY BABY 1, registration: N4604
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        UNDERSHOOT --  LANDING: FINAL APPROACH
        COLLIDED WITH: CROP --- LANDING: LEVEL OFF/TOUCHDOWN
     PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - MISJUDGED DISTANCE AND ALTITUDE
    FACTOR(S)
        TERRAIN - HIGH VEGETATION

    REMARKS- LND IN TALL WHEAT.

    NTSB Identification: CHI75FEE06
    Incident occurred Saturday, July 27, 1974 at LOCKPORT, IL
    Aircraft:BOWERS FLY BABY, registration: N337X
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        COLLISION WITH AIRCRAFT: BOTH ON  LANDING: ROLL
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PERSONNEL - MISCELLANEOUS-PERSONNEL: PILOT OF OTHER AIRCRAFT
    FACTOR(S)
        MISCELLANEOUS - EVASIVE MANEUVER TO AVOID COLLISION
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - INTENTIONAL GROUND-WATER-LOOP-SWERVE

    REMARKS- CESSNA N18534 ENTRD AND STARTED TO CROSS RWY IN FRONT OF N337X ON LDG ROLL.

    NTSB Identification: OAK76FVM05
    Incident occurred Friday, August 08, 1975 at FREMONT, CA
    Aircraft:FLYBABY 1A, registration: N41837
    Injuries: Unavailable

     TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        COLLISION WITH GROUND/WATER: UNCONTROLLED -- LANDING: TRAFFIC PATTERN-CIRCLING
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - ATTEMPTED OPERATION W/KNOWN DEFICIENCIES IN EQUIPMENT
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - PREVIOUS DAMAGE
    FACTOR(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - LACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH AIRCRAFT

    REMARKS- LDG FROM PRIOR 15MIN FLT BENT RT AXLE AND LOOSENED RT WING FLYING WIRES.

    NTSB Identification: LAX76AL017
    Incident occurred Thursday, September 04, 1975 at CORONA, CA
    Aircraft:FLY BABY 1A, registration: N4356
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        COLLISION WITH AIRCRAFT: BOTH IN FLIGHT --  LANDING: FINAL APPROACH
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PERSONNEL - MISCELLANEOUS-PERSONNEL: PILOT OF OTHER AIRCRAFT
    FACTOR(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - FAILED TO SEE AND AVOID OTHER AIRCRAFT

    REMARKS- C-150 DIDNT CALL UNICOM. FLYBABY NOT RADIO EQUIPPED.
     
     

    NTSB Identification: MIA76FKT81
    Incident occurred Saturday, June 05, 1976 at FT LAUDERDALE, FL
    Aircraft:FLY BABY 1A, registration: N3776
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        AIRFRAME FAILURE: IN FLIGHT  --  IN FLIGHT: NORMAL CRUISE
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PERSONNEL - MAINTENANCE,SERVICING,INSPECTION: INADEQUATE MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
        AIRFRAME - WINGS: SPARS
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - MATERIAL FAILURE
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - DETERIORATED
    FACTOR(S)
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - SEPARATION IN FLIGHT
        PILOT IN COMMAND - EXERCISED POOR JUDGMENT

    REMARKS- R WG SEPARATED. LAST ANNUAL INSPECTION-JULY 1971.

    NTSB Identification: NYC76FGT76
    Incident occurred Wednesday, August 25, 1976 at KRALLTOWN, PA
    Aircraft:BOWERS FLY BABY, registration: N8Q
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        STALL: SPIN -- TAKEOFF: INITIAL CLIMB
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - FAILED TO OBTAIN/MAINTAIN FLYING SPEED
    FACTOR(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - LACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH AIRCRAFT

    REMARKS- DURING FAMIL FLT IN NEW TYPE AFCT PLT ALLOWED AFCT TO STALL DURING CLIMB AFTER TAKEOFF.
     
     

    NTSB Identification: CHI77FEC35
    Incident occurred Friday, June 17, 1977 at FLINT, MI
    Aircraft:FLY BABY 1-A, registration: N7105
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        ENGINE FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION -- TAKEOFF: INITIAL CLIMB
        NOSE OVER/DOWN -- LANDING: ROLL
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PERSONNEL - MAINTENANCE,SERVICING,INSPECTION: INADEQUATE MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
        POWERPLANT - ENGINE STRUCTURE: PISTON,PISTON RINGS
        POWERPLANT - ENGINE STRUCTURE: VALVE ASSEMBLIES
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - LOW COMPRESSION
        PARTIAL POWER LOSS - PARTIAL LOSS OF POWER - 1 ENGINE
    EMERGENCY CIRCUMSTANCES - FORCED LANDING OFF AIRPORT ON LAND

    REMARKS- #4CYL EXH VALVE STREAKED,NOT CLOSING PROPERLY.ALL PISTON RING GAPS EXCESS OF MAX ALLOWABLE.

    NTSB Identification: FTW78DRG56
    Incident occurred Sunday, June 25, 1978 at SAN ANTONIO, TX
    Aircraft:FLYBABY FB-1A, registration: N1584
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        GROUND-WATER LOOP-SWERVE  -- LANDING: LEVEL OFF/TOUCHDOWN
        NOSE OVER/DOWN --  LANDING: ROLL
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - IMPROPER LEVEL OFF
        PILOT IN COMMAND - IMPROPER RECOVERY FROM BOUNCED LANDING
    FACTOR(S)
        WEATHER - UNFAVORABLE WIND CONDITIONS
        TERRAIN - HIGH VEGETATION

    REMARKS- ACFT BOUNCED AT TOUCHDOWN,VEERED INTO TALL GRASS ALONG RUNWAY.
     
     

    NTSB Identification: NYC79FFJ06
    Incident occurred Sunday, October 01, 1978 at JAVA CENTER, NY
    Aircraft:FLY BABY JD-1, registration: N12JD
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        COLLISION WITH GROUND/WATER: CONTROLLED --  LANDING: TRAFFIC PATTERN-CIRCLING
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        MISCELLANEOUS - UNDETERMINED

    REMARKS- ACFT OBSVD TO ROLL ON DOWNWIND LEG OF TRAFFIC PATTERN.SEAT BELT FAILED AT ANCHOR POINT.

    NTSB Identification: MIA79FLG06
    Incident occurred Saturday, December 02, 1978 at MONCKS CORNER, SC
    Aircraft:FLY BABY 1A, registration: N8371
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        AIRFRAME FAILURE: IN FLIGHT  --: ACROBATICS
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - EXCEEDED DESIGNED STRESS LIMITS OF AIRCRAFT
    FACTOR(S)
        AIRFRAME - WINGS: SPARS
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - OVERLOAD FAILURE
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - SEPARATION IN FLIGHT

    REMARKS- L WING SEPARATED.

    NTSB Identification: SEA79DYP26
    Incident occurred Sunday, June 03, 1979 at SPANGLE, WA
    Aircraft:FLYBABY 1, registration: N2283Z
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        ENGINE FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION -- LANDING: TRAFFIC PATTERN-CIRCLING
        HARD LANDING  --  LANDING: LEVEL OFF/TOUCHDOWN
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PERSONNEL - MAINTENANCE,SERVICING,INSPECTION: INADEQUATE MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
        POWERPLANT - FUEL SYSTEM: CARBURETOR
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - IMPROPERLY SECURED
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - FUEL STARVATION
        PILOT IN COMMAND - IMPROPER LEVEL OFF
    FACTOR(S)
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - OVERLOAD FAILURE
        COMPLETE POWER LOSS - COMPLETE ENGINE FAILURE/FLAMEOUT-1 ENGINE
        EMERGENCY CIRCUMSTANCES - FORCED LANDING ON AIRPORT/SEAPLANE BASE/HELIPT.

    REMARKS- CARB NEEDLE VALVE SEAT NOT SAFETIED,BACKED OUT.


    NTSB Identification: CHI79FEP79
    Accident occurred 30 September 1979 at Watertown, Wisconsin
    Aircraft: FLY-BABY 1-A, registration: N6518

               AIRFRAME FAILURE: IN FLIGHT                              IN FLIGHT: ACROBATICS
            PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
               PILOT IN COMMAND - EXCEEDED DESIGNED STRESS LIMITS OF AIRCRAFT
            FACTOR(S)
               PILOT IN COMMAND - PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENT
               MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - ALCOHOLIC IMPAIRMENT OF EFFICIENCY AND JUDGMENT
               AIRFRAME - WINGS: SPARS
               MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - OVERLOAD FAILURE
               MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - SEPARATION IN FLIGHT
            REMARKS- PLT BLOOD ALCOHOL LEVEL .06%.

    NTSB Identification: NYC79FHJ28
    Incident occurred Wednesday, August 08, 1979 at SHIRLEY, NY
    Aircraft:FLYBABY 1B, registration: N78FP
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        HARD LANDING  -- LANDING: LEVEL OFF/TOUCHDOWN
        GEAR COLLAPSED  --  LANDING: LEVEL OFF/TOUCHDOWN
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - IMPROPER LEVEL OFF
     
     

    NTSB Identification: MKC80FER37
    Incident occurred Saturday, April 26, 1980 at WAUBUN, MN
    Aircraft:FLY BABY BWM-10, registration: N1081Z
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        AIRFRAME FAILURE: IN FLIGHT -- ACROBATICS
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PERSONNEL - MAINTENANCE,SERVICING,INSPECTION: INADEQUATE MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
        PILOT IN COMMAND - IMPROPER IN-FLIGHT DECISIONS OR PLANNING
        AIRFRAME - WINGS: WING ATTACHMENT FITTINGS,BOLTS
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - IMPROPERLY INSTALLED
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - MATERIAL FAILURE

    REMARKS- L WG REAR ATCH BOLT PULLED LOOSE.HOLE IMPROPERLY DRILLED,BUSHING NOT INSTLD.ACFT RSTRD FM ACRO FLT

    NTSB Identification: CHI81FEK16
    Incident occurred Thursday, April 30, 1981 at ZANESVILLE, OH
    Aircraft:FLY BABY 1A, registration: N609X
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        STALL: SPIN  --  TAKEOFF: INITIAL CLIMB
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - FAILED TO OBTAIN/MAINTAIN FLYING SPEED

    NTSB Identification: MKC81FCG53
    Incident occurred Friday, August 14, 1981 at PAOLA, KS
    Aircraft:FLYBABY 1A-BIS, registration: N59229
    Injuries: Unavailable

    TYPE OF ACCIDENT
        STALL  -- LANDING: FINAL APPROACH
    PROBABLE CAUSE(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - FAILED TO OBTAIN/MAINTAIN FLYING SPEED
    FACTOR(S)
        PILOT IN COMMAND - LACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH AIRCRAFT
        INSTRUMENTS/EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - FLIGHT AND NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS: AIRSPEED
        MISCELLANEOUS ACTS,CONDITIONS - ERRATIC

    REMARKS- 1ST FLT IN THIS MAKE & MODEL.PLT RPRTD PSBL AIRSPEED MALFUNCTION.EQUIPPED W 65HP LYCOMING ENG.
     
     

    NTSB Identification: DEN83FTM01
    Accident occurred Saturday, October 16, 1982 at EPHRIAM, UT
    Aircraft:BOWERS FLY BABY 1A, registration: N63498
    Injuries: 1 Fatal.

    APPROXIMATELY 4 FT OF THE INBOARD SECTION OF THE LEFT WING SEPARATED IN FLIGHT DURING AN AEROBATIC MANEUVER. WITNESSES STATED THAT THE ACFT HAD BEEN PERFORMING LITTLE LOOPS & THEN IT WENT STRAIGHT UP & ROLLED OFF TO THE LEFT UPSIDE DOWN. IT THEN SPIRALLED ONCE OR TWICE, STRAIGHTENED OUT, MADE A SLIGHT RIGHT TURN & THEN THE WING FAILED. THE LATEST OPERATING LIMITATIONS FOR THE AMATEUR BUILT ACFT SPECIFICALLY PROHIBITS ANY INTENTIONAL AEROBATIC FLT MANEUVERS.

    The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows.

    PROCEDURES/DIRECTIVES..DISREGARDED..PILOT IN COMMAND
    AEROBATICS..PERFORMED..PILOT IN COMMAND
    DESIGN STRESS LIMITS OF AIRCRAFT..EXCEEDED..PILOT IN COMMAND
    Contributing Factors
    WING..OVERLOAD
    WING..FAILURE,PARTIAL
    WING..SEPARATION

    A Cursory Analysis

    Here's brief summary of the accident reports:
    Total Reports:  55
    Pilot Error:  26 (Some with associated engine problems)
    Engine Failures:  13
    Collisions:  3
    Wing Failures:  14
    Other:  6
    Of the thirteen wing-failure cases Lessons:  First, I don't consider the Fly Baby as suitable for aerobatics.  The FAA, in the 70s, apparently decided the same thing...notice reports MKC80FER37 and DEN83FTM01... both say the aircraft was restricted from aerobatics.  My own operating limitations, issued in 1982, have the same prohibition.

    Second, keep your plane out of the rain.  The spar carry-though modifications help prevent these accidents from happening, but they aren't a cure-all.  Keep your plane dry.

    Third, build your flying wires properly and maintain your aircraft.